The new moon marks the beginning of each month on the lunar calendar. Called "Rosh Chodesh" in Hebrew it means "head or first of the month". The crescent New Moon is called CHODESH because it is the first time the moon is SEEN ANEW after being CONCEALED for serveral days at the end of the lunar cycle.

Rosh Chodesh is biblically mandated to be celebrated each month. When the Temple was still standing in Jerusalem, specific sacrifices were to be made in honor of the day.

Want to dig a little deeper? Then check a Bible Concordance to see if "New Moon" is mentioned, and if so, how many times. I like to use the 'on-line' one at: .

In modern times, the Shabbat before Rosh Chodesh is known as Shabbat Mevarekhim, which means "the Sabbath of blessing." After the Torah reading in the Shabbat service, the prayer leader holds the Torah scroll, recites a blessing hoping for a good month, then announces the day of the upcoming week when the new month will begin and the name of the new month.

In some Jewish and Messianic communities, the people assemble and have a party each month on Erev Rosh Chodesh (Evening before). Just imagine, a party every month!

Meanwhile, most people acknowledge the day by saying a prayer on the eve of Rosh Chadesh. The specific day varies each month on our Gregorian Calendar.

The prayer at New Moon time is: "May it be your will Yehovah our God and God of our fathers to renew this coming month to us for goodness and blessing. Grant us long life, a life of peace, goodness and sustenance, a life in which there will be love of Torah and fear of heaven."

Read more about Rosh Chodesh at Judaism 101.

An explanation and prayer for Rosh Chodesh are in my book, Following Yeshua...Celebrating the Feasts of Adonai. See the Resource Page for ordering information.