Hebrew Days End & Begin at Sundown Reading for Nisan 12

        A day in the Jewish community begins at sundown. Their months follow a lunar schedule. You need to keep this in mind when figuring out the beginning and end of the festivals. The Jewish festivals and holidays are always on the same date of the lunar month. This difference in calendars and days is why there is confusion over when Yeshua resurrected!

The Jewish calendar is based on three astronomical phenomena: the rotation of the Earth about its axis (a day); the revolution of the moon about the Earth (a month); and the revolution of the Earth about the sun (a year). These three phenomena are independent of each other, so there is no direct correlation between them. On average, the moon revolves around the Earth in about 29 days. The Earth revolves around the sun in about 365 days, that is, about 12.4 lunar months.

The Gregorian calendar used by most of the world has abandoned any correlation between the moon cycles and the month, arbitrarily setting the length of months to 28, 30 or 31 days.

For more info than you ever wanted to know about the Jewish way of reakoning months and days, see Judaism 101: Jewish Calender.

Easter & Passover  Why on different dates?

The Council of Nicea on May 20, 325 C.E., officially changed the date of the observance of Passover in the church from Nisan 14 (the Biblicval date) to the first Sunday after the the first full new moon after the first day of Spring. This was done so that the Church would have "nothing in common" with the Jewish people.

So, in our modern era, Easter is observed by the churches of the West on the first Sunday following the full moon that occurs on or following the spring equinox (March 21). This makes Easter a "movable" feast which can occur as early as March 22 or as late as April 25. For more info see Easter on the Net.

Passover is always on the 15th of Nisan on the Jewish calendar. How that falls on the Gregorian calendar is what makes it different each year.




Story Continues tomorrow ~ Next Page